A Framework for Exponential-Time-Hypothesis--Tight Algorithms and Lower Bounds in Geometric Intersection Graphs

de Berg, Mark and Bodlaender, Hans L. and Kisfaludi-Bak, Sándor and Marx, Dániel and van der Zanden, Tom C.
(2020) A Framework for Exponential-Time-Hypothesis--Tight Algorithms and Lower Bounds in Geometric Intersection Graphs.
SIAM Journal on Computing, 49 (6). pp. 1291-1331. ISSN 0097-5397

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1137/20M1320870

Abstract

We give an algorithmic and lower bound framework that facilitates the construction of subexponential algorithms and matching conditional complexity bounds. It can be applied to intersection graphs of similarly-sized fat objects, yielding algorithms with running time $2^{O(n^{1-1/d})}$ for any fixed dimension $d\ge 2$ for many well-known graph problems, including Independent Set, $r$-Dominating Set for constant $r$, and Steiner Tree. For most problems, we get improved running times compared to prior work; in some cases, we give the first known subexponential algorithm in geometric intersection graphs. Additionally, most of the obtained algorithms are representation-agnostic, i.e., they work on the graph itself and do not require the geometric representation. Our algorithmic framework is based on a weighted separator theorem and various treewidth techniques. The lower bound framework is based on a constructive embedding of graphs into $d$-dimensional grids, and it allows us to derive matching $2^{\Omega(n^{1-1/d})}$ lower bounds under the exponential time hypothesis even in the much more restricted class of $d$-dimensional induced grid graphs.

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